Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Congolapia: Congolapia is a contraction of the words Congo and Tilapia; all species of Congolapia are only known from the central Congo basin.. More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: central Congo River basin in the western Cuvette Centrale and central Cuvette Centrale, including the rivers Alima, Lefini, lower Sangha, Ruki and Maringa (Ref. 55074, 74387, 92878), in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of Congo.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92878)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Diagnosis: differs from C. crassa and C. louna by having 1 complete scale row and 1 additional scale row with smaller dorso-ventrally compressed scales between upper lateral line and base of last dorsal spine (vs. 2 complete scale rows and 1 additional row of very small scales in-between); differs from C. crassa by a shallower body with only a minimal overlap, 32.2-40.5% SL vs. 40.4-48.4%; and from C. louna by a shorter last dorsal spine, 9.4-12.2% SL vs. 12.9-15.0%; all scales cycloid; 26-27 scales on horizontal line; 17-22 upper lateral line scales; 8-11 lower lateral line scales (Ref. 92878).
Found in swampy forested zones (Ref. 52307) in grass-bank as well as forest-bank habitats, during the dry as well as the wet season (Ref. 92878). Pair-bonding, open substratum spawner with both parents guarding their fry (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 1991. Tilapia. p. 482-508. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5163)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00267 - 0.01297), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .