Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Etroplinae
Etymology: Paretroplus: Name from the Greek 'para' meaning 'on the side of'; in taxonomy it is commonly used in generic names to express similarity or relatedness; in the present case it would mean 'next to Etroplus' (S.Kullander, pers.comm. 3/11).. More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: Endemic to the east coast border of Madagascar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5675)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 13 - 15. Diagnosis: Paretroplus polyactis is distinguished from congeners by a unique chainlink, or diamond mesh, pigmentation pattern, owing to contrasting dark scale margins and light centers over the entire flank and portions of the head; it is also the only member of the genus in which the entire series of lateral bars is both strongly pigmented and spotted, due to more darkly pigmented scale margins than centers, regardless of size (Ref. 78623). In life, P. polyactis is unique among deep-bodied members of the genus in possessing a bright red iris, a feature shared only with the elongate P. lamenabe (Ref. 78623).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Maréchal, C. and J.-P. Gosse, 1991. Paretroplus. p. 359-360. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5675)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00646 - 0.04262), b=2.95 (2.74 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .