You can sponsor this page

Cobitis sakahoko Nakajima & Suzawa, 2015

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Cobitis sakahoko
Cobitis sakahoko
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cobitidae (Loaches) > Cobitinae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335);  sakahoko: The specific epithet is derived from the legendary weapon Ama-no-sakahoko, meaning inverted halberd of heaven, which was thrust into the Takachiho Peak of Mt. Kirishima, one of the sources of the Takazaki River, the type locality of this new species. The lamina circularis of this species is a distinctive rectangular plate that resembles a halberd.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Oyodo River system, Kyushu Island, Japan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117925); 8.9 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9; Vertebrae: 41 - 42. Cobitis sakahoko can be diagnosed from its congeners from Japan by the combination of the following characters: lamina circularis at the base of the pectoral fin in adult males, rectangular plate with a neck in the mid-lower part (vs. beak shape or narrow in C. biwae; roundish in C. magnostriata, C. striata, C. minamorii, C. kaibarai and C. matsubarae; ambiguous inC. takatsuensis and C. shikokuensis); broad upper segments of the first branched soft ray (vs. narrow in C. striata, C. minamorii, and C. kaibarai); maxillary barbel length longer than the eye diameter (vs. same as the eye diameter in C. magnostriata, C. striata, C. minamorii and C. kaibarai); 14 segmented muscle plates between the base of the pectoral fin and the origin of the pelvic fin (vs. usually 13 in C. striata and C. kaibarai; usually 12 in C. minamorii); snout rather short, about 35% in HL (vs. rather long, ca. 40% in C. biwae, C. minamorii and C. matsubarae; long, over ca. 40% in C. magnostriata, C. striata, C, kaibarai, C. takatsuensis and C. shikokuensis); body pigmentation consisting of 1 mid-dorsal and 4 lateral rows of blotches with line L4 broad fine mesh-like line in adult females (vs. jagged or dotted line in C. biwae and C. matsubarae; jagged line in C. kaibarai; absent or irregular dotted line in C. magnostriata, C. takatsuensis and C. shikokuensis) and line L5 arranged into 8-13 oblong or ovoid blotches in both males and females (vs. striated in C. magnostriata; marbled streak in C. takatsuensis); upper spot at caudal-fin base jet black and size greater than the eye diameter (vs. comparable to the eye diameter in C. striata, C. kaibarai and C. takatsuensis; smaller than the eye diameter in C. minamorii and C. shikokuensis); lower spot at caudal-fin base black and size comparable or smaller than the upper spot (vs. ambiguous in C. striata, C. kaibarai, C. takatsuensis and C. shikokuensis). Cobitis sakahoko can be distinguishable based on the mtDNA cytb sequences (Ref. 117925).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in the middle reaches of rivers with sandy bottom (Ref. 117925).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nakajima, J. and Y. Suzawa, 2016. Cobitis sakahoko, a new species of spined loach (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from southern Kyushu Island, Japan. Ichthyol. Res. 63:68-78. (Ref. 117925)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .