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Cynolebias gorutuba Costa, 2017

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Cynolebias gorutuba
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae (Rivulines)
Etymology: Cynolebias: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, lebias = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335);  gorutuba: The specific name refers to the Gorutuba River floodplains, the type locality of C. gorutuba. The origin and original meaning of the name is not certain; local people associate this name to a frog popular name, which needs confirmation.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Gorutuba River, São Francisco River basin in Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118117)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Cynolebias gorutuba is similar to other members of the Cynolebias zeta-clade or CZC (C. altus, C. attenuatus, C. gibbus, C. leptocephalus, C. parietalis, C. perforatus, C. oticus), and differs from all other congeners, by having contact organs distributed on the inner surface of entire pectoral fin of males (vs. restricted to the dorsal portion of the fin), trunk scales extending over base of dorsal fin (vs. not extending), scales extending over one third or more of base of caudal fin (vs. about one fourth), and gill-rakers of first branchial arch bowed and with numerous denticles on its surface (vs. straight to slightly curved, usually without denticles, or one or two when present). It can be diagnosed from all other congeners of CZC by having small round dark grey spots on dorsolateral portion of the trunk in females (vs. absent) and by the second proximal radial of dorsal fin between neural spines of 16th and 18th vertebrae in males (vs. between neural spines of 14th and 16th vertebrae). It differs also from all members of the Cynolebias zeta-clade, except C. oticus, by having 75-87 preopercular neuromasts (vs. 53-72). It can be differentiated from C. oticus by having convex ante¬rior lateral profile of the body (vs. no con¬cavity on the head), otic and post-otic neuromast series separated (vs. united), 37-38 vertebrae (vs. 35-36), and lack of bars on the flank in males above 75 mm SL (vs. presence), and from C. parietalis and C. perforatus by fewer rays in caudal fin (30-31 vs. 33-35) (Ref. 118117).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Costa, Wilson J.E.M. | Collaborators

Costa, W.J.E.M., 2017. Description of two endangered new seasonal killifish species of the genus Cynolebias from the São Francisco River basin, Brazilian Caatinga (Cyprinodontiformes, Aplocheilidae). Zoosyst. Evol. 93(2):333-341. (Ref. 118117)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .