Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Cynolebias: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, lebias = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335); elegans: From the Latin elegans, meaning elegant, fine. This is an allusion to the distinctive general appearance of the new species, with males combing relatively slender body with long unpaired fins.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
South America: Verde Grande River drainage, Bahia, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 118117); 3.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Cynolebias elegans is similar to other members of the C. gilbertoi group (C. gilbertoi and C. ochraceus) and distinguished from all other species of the subgenus Cynolebias, by having 19-16 vomerine teeth (vs. 1-4, when teeth are present), 7-8 gill-rakers on the ventral part of the first branchial arch (vs. 9-12), highest body depth at vertical just anterior to base of pelvic fin (vs. through base of pecto¬ral fin), and flank with light dots arranged in vertical groups (vs. light dots when present not arranged in vertical groups). It can be diagnosed from C. gil¬bertoi and C. ochraceus by possessing long dorsal and anal fins in males, their extremities excluding filaments posteri¬orly reaching base of caudal fin (vs. reaching caudal pedun¬cle), greater pre-pelvic length in males (52.2-53.9 % SL, vs. 48.5-49.9 % SL in C. gilbertoi and 48.9-50.5 % SL in C. ochraceus), and first proximal radial of the anal fin between neural spines of 9th and 10th vertebrae in males, and between neural spines of 11th and 12th vertebrae in females (vs. between neural spines of 11th and 13th verte¬brae in males, and between neural spines of 12th and 14th vertebrae in females). It can be further differentiated from C. gilbertoi by having the following characters: larger head (31.3-34.2 % SL in males, 32.1-33.4 % in females, vs. 27.9-30.3 % SL in males, 29.0-31.1 % in females) and smaller eye (25.5-29.1 % of head length in males, 27.3-29.9 % in fe¬males, vs. 30.0-31.0 % of head length in males, 31.5-34.2 % in females). It can be also distinguished from C. ochraceus by having 31-32 ver¬tebrae (vs. 33-34), narrower body depth (32.5-34.5 % SL vs. 35.0-37.8 % SL), and flank light pur¬plish brown in males (vs. light yellow ochre) (Ref. 118117).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2017. Description of two endangered new seasonal killifish species of the genus Cynolebias from the São Francisco River basin, Brazilian Caatinga (Cyprinodontiformes, Aplocheilidae). Zoosyst. Evol. 93(2):333-341. (Ref. 118117)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00396 - 0.02008), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .