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Echelus polyspondylus  McCosker & Ho, 2015

Many-vertebrae snake eel
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Echelus polyspondylus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Echelus: Greek, egchelys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335);  polyspondylus: Name from Greek 'poly' meaning many, and 'spondylos' for vertebrae, referring to its having more vertebrae. than any of its congeners.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106143); 53.7 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 172 - 183. This elongate species is distinguished by the following characters: tail 65-69%, head 7.6-8.3%, body depth at gill opening 1.8-2.3% of total length; tail tip flexible, the caudal-fin rays covered by skin, but confluent with dorsal and anal; dorsal-fin origin is nearly 1 head length behind gill opening; pectoral fin pointed, not elongate and well-developed; posterior nostril is within upper lip, opening into mouth; small pores, inconspicuous, SO 1+4, IO 4+2, POM 6+3; teeth are small, numerous and conical, biserial on jaws, uniserial on vomer; body coloration tan dorsally, pale ventrally, fins are pale except anal-fin membrane which is black before tail tip; total vertebrae 172-183, mean vertebral formula 20-53-177 (Ref. 106143).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McCosker, John | Collaborators

McCosker, J.E. and H.-C. Ho, 2015. New species of the snake eels Echelus and Ophichthus (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae) from Taiwan. Zootaxa 4060(1):71-85. (Ref. 106143)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .