Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
Etymology: Compsaraia: Greek, kompsos, -e, -on = elegance, polish, gracefulness + see under Raja; iara: Named after the Iara, a water nymph from Tupi-Brazilian folklore said to reside in the rivers of the Brazilian Amazon and often blamed for the disappearance of fishermen. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 115978). Tropical
South America: Amazon River basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115978)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 155 - 174. Compsaraia iara is easily diagnosed from all species of Compsaraia by the following characters: forehead strongly rounded with dorsal margin of frontals and parasphenoid convex (vs. straight or concave in adult C. compsa and C. samueli); mouth small, gape not reaching vertical with eye in adults (vs. reaching or exceeding vertical with eye in adult C. compsa and C. samueli); absence of premaxilla teeth (vs. 8-16 premaxilla teeth in C. compsa and 4-10 in C. samueli (Ref. 115978).
Found in white waters at depths ranging from 2- 30 meters. Feeds exclusively on dipteran (Ceratopogonidae) larvae mixed with very fine sand, suggesting a benthic foraging behavior (Ref. 115978).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bernt, M.J. and J.S. Albert, 2017. A new species of deep-channel electric knifefish Compsaria (Apteronotidae, Gymnotiformes) from the Amazon River. Copeia 105(2):211-219. (Ref. 115978)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00134 - 0.00855), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .