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Xyliphius sofiae  Sabaj, Carvalho & Reis, 2017

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Xyliphius sofiae
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Aspredinidae (Banjo catfishes) > Hoplomyzontinae
Etymology: Xyliphius: Greek, xylephion, xylarion = a little piece of wood (Ref. 45335);  sofiae: Named for the daughter of first author on the specific epithet, for inspiring wisdom in her father.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon River in Peru.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116022)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 4; Anal soft rays: 9. Xyliphius sofiae can be diagnosed from all its congeners by four autapomorphies: absence of eyes (vs. presence, though reduced); color pale, lack of pigment (vs. head and body darkly pigmented); 5 branchiostegal rays (vs. 4); and unculiferous tubercles on posterior body evenly distributed (vs. enlarged unculiferous tubercles typically arranged in five distinct rows from above pelvic-fin base to posterior end of caudal peduncle). It further differs by having one ossified proximal radial in the pectoral fin (vs. two in congeners, except X. magdalenae, not examined). It can be distinguished from all congeners except X. lepturusby having the snout tip elongated and narrowly rounded (vs. short and broadly rounded, often with small median notch), fifth ceratobranchial relatively narrow with two or three irregular rows of acicular teeth (vs. broadly expanded with larger conical teeth), anterior limits of the branchial apertures separated by a distance smaller than length of aperture (vs. greater than length of aperture), anal-fin rays modally nine (vs. seven), and lateral line extending onto base of caudal-fin rays (vs. finishing in hypural region) (Ref. 116022).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits river. Caught with a large floating net stretched between two canoes and dragged downstream through the water column (Ref. 116022).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Friel, John P. | Collaborators

Carvalho, T.P., R.E. Reis and M.H. Sabaj, 2017. Description of a new blind and rare species of Xyliphius (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae) from the Amazon basin using high-resolution computed tomography. Copeia 105(2):14-28. (Ref. 116022)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .