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Trimma hamartium  Winterbottom, 2017

Mistaken pygmygoby
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335);  hamartium: Name from the Greek word 'hamartia' (?µa?t?a) m alluding to the author’s error in not recognizing the differences between this species and T. preclarum when describing the latter (the term encompasses 'wrongdoings' which may be either accidental or deliberate).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 7 - 50 m (Ref. 116838).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: southwest Palau and probably true for Fiji (paratypes of T. preclarum), Niue, Solomon Is., Indonesia (Mapia Atoll), Australia (GBR) and Kiribati (Abaiang Atoll).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116838)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 8 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: no scales on the cheeks and opercle; 8-9 scales in predorsal midline; short second dorsal spine reaching to a mean of the base of the first ray of the second dorsal fin when abducted; pectoral-fin rays 17-19 with 5-10 branched rays in the middle of the fin; an unbranched 5th pelvic-fin ray, 51-64% the length of 4th ray; total gill rakers 17-19; papillae in row c 6, below the eye; U-shaped bony interorbital with a narrow slit-like postorbital trench which ends at the posteriormost papilla in row p; colour when freshly collected, a reddish head with 3-4 yellow bars on the cheek, red iris with four yellow spots, yellow body which is lighter posteriorly, scales pockets outlined with melanophores and scale rows above and below midlateral row much lighter posterior to second dorsal fin origin (giving appearance of three yellow stripes on body); colour when preserved with fairly evenly distributed melanophores over the dorsal surface of the snout (Ref. 116838).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in areas with heavy cover of hard corals (Acropora, Pocillopora, Millepora, plate corals, lettuce corals star and cactus corals), variety of sponges, sea whips, ascidians, alcyonarians, tunicates, hydoids (in caves), soft corals, gorgonians, brown encrusting algae; and also on steep reef slopes and almost vertical walls with several large caves with sand/rubble floors, undercuts and small platforms (Ref. 116838).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Winterbottom, R., 2017. A new species of Trimma (Pisces; Gobiidae) from the South-West Islands of Palau, western Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 4370(2):123-136. (Ref. 116838)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .