You can sponsor this page

Paramormyrops ntotom  Rich, Sullivan & Hopkins, 2017

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Paramormyrops ntotom
Paramormyrops ntotom
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Paramormyrops: Greek, para = near + Greek, mormyros = a fish (Sparus sp) (Ref. 45335);  ntotom: The species name, ntotom, is the word for mormyrid fish in the language of the Fang people from northern Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and southern Cameroon (Ref. 116799).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Ogowe River in Gabon (Ref. 116799).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116799)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-21; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 24 - 26; Vertebrae: 41 - 44. Diagnosis: Paramormyrops ntotom is distinguished from all other Lower-Guinea Paramormyrops by a combination of morphological and electrical characteristics: 5 teeth in upper-jaw, 6 in lower; 12 circumpeduncular scales; V-shaped snout profile viewed from above, snout angle 38-50°, corresponding to an interorbital width 0.8-1.05 times the snout length; body depth 14.9-18.1% of standard length, 81-91.6% of body depth at urogenital pore; eye diameter 12.4-14.7% of head length measured to end of opercular bone; snout length 23.8-28.3% of head length; ratio of head length to depth 1.25-1.40; head length 20.4-24.6% of standard length; EOD waveform with two phases, head positive then negative, duration 4.78 ± 1.10 ms with a corresponding peak power spectral frequency, 265 ± 67 Hz; electric organ composed of type NPp electrocytes (Ref. 116799). With its 5/6 teeth, 12 circumpeduncular scales and sharp snout, Paramormyrops ntotom differs from all other described Paramormyrops except P. curvifrons and P. spekodes (Ref. 116799). Five morphological characters distinguish P. ntotom from P. curvifrons: ratio of head length to standard length shorter in P. ntotom compared with P. curvifrons; slight concave depression in the forehead in advance of the orbit and a relatively compact snout compared to P. curvifrons which has a longer snout, downward sloping, often with a slightly protruding chin and upper lip; shorter prepectoral distance relative to predorsal distance; snout angle greater in P. ntotom than P. curvifrons; and the head depth relative to head length greater in P. ntotom than in P. curvifrons; EOD duration slightly longer in P. ntotom compared with P. curvifrons, with extensive overlap; both species have type NPp electrocytes in the electric organ and both exhibit sex differences in EOD duration (Ref. 116799). Paramormyrops ntotom differs from P. sphekodes in the six following morphological characters: larger overall size at sexual maturity; head more elongate and less rounded; snout reduced; larger caudal peduncle depth to length ratio; the smaller eye diameter relative to head length; and the greater EOD duration; when alive P. ntotom is most easily distinguished from P. sphekodes by its longer EOD duration and a correspondingly lower peak spectral frequency; the EODs of P. ntotom and P. sphekodes also differ in shape, with the width of first and second phase being equal for P. ntotom, while W1 is longer than W2 in P. sphekodes; living specimens of these two species also differ in colouration: dorsal and anal fin pigmentation tends to be darker in P. ntotom than P. sphekodes, and the ground colour of the skin tends to be darker chocolate brown compared to yellow brown in P. sphekodes (Ref. 116799).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Rich, M., J.P. Sullivan and C.D. Hopkins, 2017. Rediscovery and description of Paramormyrops sphekodes (Sauvage, 1879) and a new cryptic Paramormyrops (Mormyridae: Osteoglossiformes) from the Ogooué River of Gabon using morphometrics, DNA sequencing and electrophysiology. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 180:613-646. (Ref. 116799)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .