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Parapriacanthus sharm  Randall & Bogorodsky, 2016

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Parapriacanthus sharm
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pempheridae (Sweepers)
Etymology: Parapriacanthus: Greek, para = near + Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335);  sharm: Named for its type locality, the Egyptian dive-resort city of Sharm el Sheikh near the southern end of the Sinai Peninsula, and the gateway to Ras Muhammed National Park. Sharm in Arabic means narrow passage; the city contains a narrow isthmus between the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Egypt (Red Sea, Gulf of Aqaba).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 22 - 23. This species is characterized by the following: D VI,9; A III,22 (22-23); pectoral-fin rays 17 (16-17, modally 17); lateral-line scales 67 (64-68); scale rows above lateral line to base of dorsal fin 5.5; gill rakers 25 (25-26); body depth 3.1 (3.1-3.15) in SL, width 2.35 (2.2-2.35) in body depth; depth of caudal-peduncle 10.1 (9.5-10.2) in SL; head length 2.85 (2.75-2.8) in SL; snout length 13.2 (12.0-13.0) in SL; relatively large eye, orbit diameter 6.9 (6.7-6.8) in SL with interorbital width 12.2 (11.7-12.1); mouth forming an angle of about 65° to horizontal axis of body; mouth when fully close has the lower jaw slightly protruding; upper jaw with 2 irregular rows of slender, recurved teeth with those of the upper row initially in the same plane as the surface of upper lip, then sharply curved inwardly and posteriorly, while the inner row of teeth are more sharply recurved, teeth continue in two rows. progressively smaller, nearly to end of jaw, before reduced to a single row; lower jaw with a row of slightly smaller, strongly recurved slender teeth; vomer with small, incurved, sharply conical teeth in a single irregular V-shaped row, similar in a row on palatines; thin lips, with very small, well-spaced, dark purple papillae; tongue broadly triangular, indented slightly on sides anteriorly to form a small, rounded, thickened tip; predorsal length 2.45 (2.4-2.45) in SL; first dorsal-fin soft ray longest, 4.7 (broken & 4.8) in SL; caudal-fin forked, fin length 4.35 (4.05-4.1) in SL; pectoral-fin length 3.4 (3.1-3.15) in SL; prepelvic length 2.6 (2.55-2.7) in SL; pelvic fins far from anus, the fin length 5.0 (5.35-5.7) in SL; preanal length 1.55 (1.5-1.6) in SL; without a pin-like dark line anterior to anus; black iris in preserved holotype (Ref. 107896).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. & Bogorodsky, S.V., 2016. Preliminary review of the pempherid fish genus Parapriacanthus of the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of five new species. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 20:1-24. (Ref. 107896)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .