Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Parapriacanthus: Greek, para = near + Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335); kwazulu: Named for KwaZulu-Natal, its type locality; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 38 m (Ref. 107896). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Indian Ocean: South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 107896)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 20 - 22. This species is characterized by the following: D VI,9; A III,21 (20-22); pectoral-fin rays 16 (16 or 17, mainly 17); lateral-line scales 66 (64-71); scale rows above lateral line to base of dorsal fin 5.5; gill rakers 24 (27-27, modally 25); body depth 3.2 (3.1-3.2) in SL, width 2.0 (1.95-2.15) in body depth; depth of caudal-peduncle 9.25 (9.5-9.8) in SL; head length 2.85 (2.7-2.85) in SL; snout length 11.6 (11.7-12.3) in SL; mouth forming an angle of about 65° to horizontal axis of body; well-spaced outer row of slender, sharply conical, recurved teeth, the upper row more forward-projecting, those of second row more strongly recurved; similar smaller teeth in lower jaw; very small, incurved, sharply conical teeth in a single irregular row on vomer and palatines; thin lips, covered with small greenish spots and larger scattered low purple papillae; tongue broadly triangular, indented slightly near the tip; predorsal length 2.3 (2.3-2.45) in SL; first dorsal-fin soft ray is longest, 4.0 (4.1-4.65) in SL; caudal fin forked, fin length 4.05 (broken in paratypes) in SL; pectoral-fin length 3.1 (3.05-3.2) in SL; prepelvic length 2.7 (2.5-2.7) in SL; pelvic fins not or just reaching the anus, fin length 5.3 (4.55-5.7) in SL; preanal length 1.7 (1.7; 2 specimens too damaged for measurement) in SL; with a pin-like dark line anterior to anus; black iris in preserved holotype (Ref. 107896).
Specimens collected from a large cave by hand net or spear (Ref. 107896).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. & Bogorodsky, S.V., 2016. Preliminary review of the pempherid fish genus Parapriacanthus of the western Indian Ocean, with descriptions of five new species. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 20:1-24. (Ref. 107896)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00682 - 0.03686), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .