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Engraulicypris ngalala  Riddin, Villet & Bills, 2016

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Engraulicypris ngalala
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: Engraulicypris: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy + Greek, kypris = the name of Aphrodite, proceeding from Kypris, (Cyprus), Greek, kyprinos = carp (Ref. 45335);  ngalala: In the Cyao language spoken in the Niassa region of northern Mozambique, the name 'ngalala' denotes any, small, compressed, silvery fish, including Mesobola and species of Brycinus and Hemigrammopetersius; the epithet is treated as a nominative singular noun in apposition (Ref. 116496).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Rovuma River system in Mozambique (Ref. 116496) and Lake Chiuta in Malawi (Ref. 116496).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116496)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 16 - 19; Vertebrae: 38 - 39. Diagnosis: Operculum shiny only on ventral posterior edge and small area at posterior edge of orbit, not entire area; body midline black, not silver; head with tubercles along lower jaw and lower head in breeding males; snout rounded, not pointed; iris white to light grey, not dark grey, with a few melanophores; pelvic fin melanophores present, dark and widely dispersed (Ref. 116496).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species is found in ecological conditions very similar to those characteristic of Engraulicypris gariepinus; it favours big rivers, gathering in slack, turbid and shallow regions with sandy, rocky or muddy substrates; in Lake Chiuta specimens were caught in reed beds along the margins (Ref. 116496).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Riddin, M.A., I.R. Bills and M.H. Villet, 2016. Phylogeographic, morphometric and taxonomic re-evaluation of the river sardine, Mesobola brevianalis (Boulenger, 1908) (Teleostei, Cyprinidae, Chedrini). ZooKeys 641:121-150. (Ref. 116496)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .