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Cottus gratzianowi Sideleva, Naseka & Zhidkov, 2015

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Cottus gratzianowi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Cottus: Greek, kottos = a fish (Ref. 45335);  gratzianowi: Named for Valerian Ivanovich Gratzianow [Gratsianov] (1876?1932), the author of the first taxonomic review of Russian fishes "Versuch einer Übersicht der Fische des Russischen Reiches in systematischer und geographischer Hinsicht" (Gratzianow 1907), who described Cottus koshewnikowi. The original latinised spelling of the surname (Gratzianow) was retained.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Europe: Ukhtomitsa River in the Onega River drainage, White Sea basin, Russia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101366)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-17; Anal soft rays: 12 - 13; Vertebrae: 32 - 34. Cottus gratzianowi is distinguished from all congeners in Europe east of the Meuse (except C. koshewnikowi) in having the following combination of characters: no transverse dark bands on the pelvic fin; a single median chin canal pore; an incomplete lateral line not reaching behind the anal-fin insertion; and lateral line located considerably above the mid-line of the flank. It differs from C. koshewnikowi by a larger eye (horizontal diameter 23?28% HL, equal to or exceeding snout length vs. 16?25% HL, less than snout length), a rounded caudal fin (vs. commonly truncated), frequent presence of one to three branched rays in median part of the pectoral fin (vs. usual absence), an interrupted supratemporal canal commissure with 4 pores (vs. non-interrupted, with 3 pores), the pelvic fin extending to the anus in both sexes (vs. not reaching the anus), a short lateral-line canal extending to below the fifth to tenth ray of the second dorsal fin, with 15?24 pores, with few interruption (vs. commonly extending to below the 9th to 15th ray of the second dorsal fin, with modally 21?27 pores, with few to numerous interruptions), abdominal vertebrae commonly 10 (vs. 11), and contrasting black blotches on all fins including pelvic and anal fins (vs. no blotches on pelvic and anal fins) (Ref. 101366).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

During summer, this species is found in a relatively cool small river with moderate to rapid current, gravel and cobble bottom, and not very dense submerged aquatic vegetation (Ref. 101366).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sideleva, V.G., A.M. Naseka and Z.V. Zhidkov, 2015. A new species of Cottus from the Onega River drainage, White Sea basin (Actinopterygii: Scorpaeniformes: Cottidae). Zootaxa 3949(3):419-430. (Ref. 101366)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .