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Salmo viridis  Doadrio, Perea & Yahyaoui, 2015

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Salmo viridis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335);  viridis: The species name viridis refers to its diagnostic greenish colouration in some parts of body and fins (Ref. 107622).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: endemic to Isli Lake in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco (Ref. 107622).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 107622)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 53 - 55. Diagnosis: It differs from other known species of the genus Salmo from Morocco, except Salmo pallaryi, by the absence of spots or marks on the body; it has a lesser number of anal pterygophores, 10-11 than Salmo pallaryi, 12-14, and shorter orbital length; horizontal orbital length with respect to the head length is 16-23% of head length in Salmo viridis vs. 25-31% of head length in Salmo pallaryi (Ref. 107622). The following combination of characters are also diagnostic to Salmo viridis: vomer teeth in one row, premaxilla extended laterally, supramaxilla short and deep, dorsal fin pterygophores from 11 to 13; and one molecular autapomorphy in the MT-CYTB gene in the nucleotide position 508 (Ref. 107622).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species inhabits Isli Lake, situated on a high plateau, 2270 meters above sea level; it is a large and deep, ±2 km of diameter and 92 m deep, oligotrophic lake (Ref. 107622). The spawning of this species takes place at the end of October and November in the sandy beaches of the lake (Ref. 107622). The habitat of this species is threatened due to eutrophication, related to intensive overpasture; overfishing is also a problem due to the low protection of the lake; no juveniles have been observed in the last years and several malformations in fins and skull were observed; therefore this species should be included in the IUCN category of endangered (Ref. 107622).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Doadrio, I., S. Perea and A. Yahyaoui, 2015. Two new species of the Atlantic trout (Actinopterygii, Salmonidae) from Morocco. Graellsia 71(2,e039):1-26. (Ref. 107622)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .