Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: melanosphena: Name from Latinized Greek 'melanos' for black, and 'sphena' meaning wedge, referring to the dark, wedge-shaped mark at the base of the caudal fin; feminine compound adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 24 m (Ref. 108793). Tropical
Western Pacific: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 108793)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 9. This small species (almost always less than 1.3 cm SL; smallest gravid female at 0.095 cm SL) is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: cephalic sensory-pore lacking only the IT pore ( pattern 2); only some pectoral-fin rays are branched; dorsal/anal fin-ray formula of 9/8; fourth pelvic-fin ray with numerous branches (average 9.6); dark subcutaneous body bars 6, beginning at origin of anal fin; caudal-fin base with a dark, wedge-shaped mark and dark spots bordering upper and lower procurrent caudal-fin rays (Ref. 108793).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D. and S.L. Jewett, 2016. Eviota melanosphena, a new dwarfgoby from Australia (Teleostei: Gobiidae). J. Ocean Sci. Found. 21:71-77. (Ref. 108793)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00289 - 0.01377), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .