Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Cynolebias: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, lebias = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335); ochraceus: From the Latin adjective ochraceus (ochre), referring to the predominant color in males.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: middle São Franciso basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97357); 5.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 20;
Vertebrae: 33 - 34. Cynolebias ochraceus can be diagnosed from C. gilbertoi, the only other member of the C. gilbertoi group, by having 33 vertebrae (vs. 31-32), flank light yellow ochre and anal fin orange-yellow ochre in males (vs. flank pale pinkish brown or light brown, anal fin pink or pinkish grey), and tip of anal-fin filaments reaching basal portion of caudal fin in males (vs. reaching posterior half of caudal fin). It can be further distinguished from C. gilbertoi by having 29-31 caudal-fin rays (vs. 26-29) and 9-12 vomerine teeth (vs.11-16), body depth 35.0-37.8% SL in males (vs. 32.5-35.4% SL), and larger maximum adult size (5.7 cm SL vs. 3.7 cm SL) (Ref. 97357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M., 2014. Six new species of seasonal killifishes of the genus Cynolebias from the São Francisco river basin, Brazilian Caatinga, with notes on C. porosus (Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(1):79-96. (Ref. 97357)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00396 - 0.02008), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .