Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Kyphosidae
(Sea chubs) > Kyphosinae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335); atlanticus: Named for its distributional range, restricted to Atlantic Ocean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Subtropical
Atlantic Ocean: restricted in this ocean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95333)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 11 - 12;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished by the following characters: snout somewhat short, dorsal contour of head before eye steep; preorbital region with or without scales; D 12 (rarely 13), base of spinous portion usually longer than that of soft-rayed portion; A 11 (rarely 12), anterior part of soft-rayed portion slightly deeper, but margin not convex; lateral line pored scales 49-54 (mode 52), scales in a longitudinal row along the midbody 50-56 (mode 54); gill rakers 23-26 (mode 25); pectoral fin with
18 (rarely 17 or 19) soft rays; pelvic fin when depressed not reaching anus in specimens longer than ca. 15.0 cm SL, but reaching anus in smaller specimens (Ref. 95333).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sakai, K. and T. Nakabo, 2014. Taxonomic review of Kyphosus (Pisces: Kyphosidae) in the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. Ichthyol. Res. 61(3):265-292. (Ref. 95333)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00731 - 0.04326), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .