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Chalinochromis cyanophleps Kullander, Karlsson, Karlsson & Norén, 2014

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Chalinochromis cyanophleps
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) 慈鯛科魚類 (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Chalinochromis: Greek, chalina = bit, bridle + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  cyanophleps: The specific name, cyanophleps, is a Greek adjective meaning blue-veined, with reference to the conspicuous blue stripe below the eye (Ref. 95611).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; 深度上下限 6 - 45 m (Ref. 95611).   

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Tanganyika, along the Tanzanian coast from Mvuna Island south to Kalala Island (Ref. 95611).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 95611)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 22 - 23; 背的軟條 (總數): 7-8; 臀棘 6-7; 臀鰭軟條: 6 - 7; 脊椎骨: 35 - 36. Diagnosis: Chalinochromis cyanophleps is distinguished from C. brichardi by flank colour brown to dark grey vs. beige or light grey; dark brown stripe below eye vs. contrasting black vertical stripes on head; iris and eye ring partly orange vs. orange colour not or faintly visible; opercular blotch absent vs. prominent; black blotch posteriorly in dorsal fin absent vs. present; dorsal and caudal fins dark with white dots vs. pale and dots absent; black spot at pectoral-fin base absent vs. present; more teeth in upper jaw, 13-16 vs. 5-10 in hemiseries, and lower jaw, 17-26 vs. 2-3 in hemiseries; and slender caudal peduncle, its depth 9.9-10.7% of standard length vs. 11.6-12.4% (Ref. 95611). It is distinguished from all other species of Chalinochromis by absence of stripes and blotches on head; lips not folded over adjacent jaw and not callous or papillate on lip surface outside that close to teeth vs. lips wide and folded over adjacent premaxilla and dentary, and more or less extensively papillose on abroad surfaces; presence of tricuspid inner teeth vs. exclusively unicuspid; and five mandibular lateralis foramina vs. four (Ref. 95611). It is distinguished from all species of Altolamprologus, Lamprologus, Lepidiolamprologus, Neolamprologus, Paleolamprologus and Variabilichromis by number of dorsal-fin spines, 22-23 vs. 14-21; from all species of Congo River Lamprologus by first pelvic-fin ray longest vs. second to third rays longest, and lateral line scales 37-39 vs. 29-37; from all species of Telmatochromis by dentition, inner teeth mostly unicuspid vs. only or predominantly tricuspid, posterodorsal corner of opercle rounded vs. pointed, and upper jaw projecting vs. jaws equal; from all species of Julidochromis by absence of bars and bands on body, and scales in longitudinal row 37-39 vs. 36 or less (Ref. 95611).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

This species is a cryptic, timorous fish occupying rocky areas with large rocks or boulders (Ref. 95611). It is very rarely seen in open areas, but can be found in the darker parts of its biotope, in dark crevices and caves (Ref. 95611).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Kullander, S.O., M. Karlsson, M. Karlsson and M. Norén, 2014. Chalinochromis cyanophleps, a new species of cichlid fish (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Tanganyika. Zootaxa 3790(3):425-438. (Ref. 95611)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 119314)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 





人類使用

漁業:
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國家
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簡介
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食物消耗量
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俗名
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生態毒物學
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孕卵數

卵發育
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參考文獻
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網路資源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因組, 核甘) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia(, 搜尋) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 69278):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .