Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Distichodontidae
Etymology: Nannocharax: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335); hastatus: The adjectival species name hastatus, from the Latin 'hasta', meaning spear, is an allusion to the spearshaped body of the species (Ref. 96084).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Africa: Likouala drainage in Republic of Congo (Ref. 96084) and Pool Malebo and Middle Congo River, including Luilaka River and Tshuapa River, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 96084).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96084)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13 - 15;
Vertebrae: 40 - 42. Diagnosis: Nannocharax hastatus is distinguished from all congeners except N. maculicauda and N. ocellicauda by the possession of a largely unpigmented body except for a dark line along the bases of the dorsal and anal fins and a longitudinally elongate, ovoid, dark spot on the posterior portion of the caudal peduncle and bases of the central caudal-fin rays; the elongate form of the head and body are also unique to these three species in the genus (Ref. 96084). Nannocharax hastatus differs from N. maculicauda in the numbers of scale rows around the caudal peduncle, 18-20 vs. 14-16; and pored scales along the lateral line, 6-9 vs. 55-61 (Ref. 96084). Nannocharax hastatus is distinguished from N. ocellicauda in the number of scales along the lateral-line scale series, 59-68 vs. 50-56; and scale rows around the caudal peduncle, 18-20 vs. 13-16 (Ref. 96084).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jerep, F.C. and R.P. Vari, 2014. New species of Nannocharax (Characiformes: Distichontidae) from the Northwestern Congo River Basin, with appraisal of Hemigrammocharax. Copeia 2014(1):44-49. (Ref. 96084)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .