Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Spectracanthicus: Latin, spectrum = look, apparition + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335); tocantinensis: The specific name refers to the type locality of the new species, the rio Tocantins. An
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Lower rio Tocantins in Pará, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95496)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5;
Vertebrae: 26. This species can be distinguished from all Spectracanthicus species by theinfraorbital 4 forming most of the posterior edge of the orbit (vs. forming a minute portion of orbital rim) and by having large basipterigium fenestrae (vs. medium or small-sized basipterigium fenestrae). It further differs from S. immaculatus and S. zuanoni by its color pattern, consisting of small, yellowish dots, and by having thick teeth (vs. dots lacking in S. immaculatus and large, white spots in S. zuanoni; and slender teeth). It can be further diagnosed from S. zuanoni by having 8-16 dentary teeth (vs.19-43); from S. murinus by having bar-shaped, eversible opercle with conspicuous odontodes (vs. triangle shaped opercle not eversible, without conspicuous odontodes) and by having four unbranched anal-fin rays (vs. three unbranched anal-fin rays); and from S. punctatissimus by the slightly pointed snout in dorsal view (vs. snout rounded in dorsal view) (Ref. 95496).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chamon, C.C. and L.H. Rapp Py-Daniel, 2014. Taxonomic revision of Spectracanthicus Nijssen & Isbrücker (Loricariidae: Hypostominae: Ancistrini), with description of three new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(1):1-25. (Ref. 95496)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .