Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish; fraseri: This species is named fraseri for Dr. Thomas H. Fraser of the Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Florida in recognition of his numerous contributions to our knowledge of apogonid systematics (Ref. 90035).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical
Pacific Ocean: Fiji, Kadavu Island, Kavala Bay, South Pacific Commission (Ref. 90035).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Dorsal rays VII+I,9; anal rays II,8; pectoral rays 14-15 (rarely 13); tubed lateral-line scales 8-13; median predorsal scales 4-5; total gill rakers 3-4 + 10-12; developed gill rakers 1 + 9-11; gill rakers on ceratobranchial 8 (rarely 7 or 9). Body depth 2.6-3.1 in SL and body width 1.9-2.2 in the depth; eye diameter 2.8-3.6 in head length; first dorsal spine 2.5-4.0 in second spine; second dorsal spine 4.0-5.4, spine of second dorsal fin 3.5-4.4, and second anal spine 4.7-5.9, all in head length; pectoral-fin length 4.6-5.1 and pelvic-fin length 3.9-4.6 in SL; caudal-peduncle length 1.3-2.1 in distance between pelvic spine insertion and anal-fin origin; light organ 1.1-1.4 in caudal peduncle length. Preopercular edge fully serrate, with 20-38 (usually more than 25) serrations; preopercular ridge smooth. Scales spinoid; lateral-line scales with vertical series of papillae. Tip of light organ on each side of tongue bound by membrane (Ref. 90035).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O. and G.R. Allen, 2012. Revision of the Indo-Pacific cardinalfish genus Siphamia (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 3294:1-84. (Ref. 90035)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .