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Turcinoemacheilus himalaya  Conway, Edds, Shrestha & Mayden, 2011

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Turcinoemacheilus himalaya
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Nemacheilidae ()
Etymology: himalaya: Name from the Sanskrit (of Hima-Alaya), meaning ‘adobe of snow’; referring to the Himalayan Mountain Range to which the species is endemic.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Koshi and Gandaki River basins in Nepal.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95092)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 42 - 43. Differs from its hypothesized congener, Turcinoemacheilus kosswigi, from the Euphrates, Tigris and Karoun basins of the Middle East, by the following characters: presence of small scales on the posterior half of its body (vs. absence of all scales); shorter caudal peduncle length 12-15% standard length (vs. 16-23); shorter snout length 28-36% head length (vs. 40-49); and color pattern, which includes the presence of small irregularly shaped dark grey markings over the lateral body surface (Ref. 88137).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Specimens were collected from large rivers (>10 m width) and medium-sized (5-10 m wide) tributaries of the Koshi and Gandaki River systems of eastern and central Nepal. At the type locality in the Koshi basin, the Indrawati River is a pristine, fast to torrential flowing river, over a cobble and boulder substratum, with a well-developed gravel shoreline. At this site, the species was collected close to shore, together with juveniles of Psilorhynchus pseudecheneis and an unidentified species of Schistura by sifting a dip net or small seine through gravel. In the Gandaki basin, specimens were collected (during each season of the year) in well-oxygenated, shallow riffles and runs with moderate to swift flow over clean, mainly pebble and cobble substratum (Ref. 88137).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Conway, K.W., D.R. Edds, J. Shrestha and R.L. Mayden, 2011. A new species of gravel-dwelling loach (Ostariophysi: Nemacheilidae) from the Nepalese Himalayan foothills. J. Fish Biol. 79:1746-1759. (Ref. 88137)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00294 - 0.01353), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .