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Haplochromis vanoijeni  de Zeeuw & Witte, 2010

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Haplochromis vanoijeni
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Haplochromis: Greek, Haploos = single + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  vanoijeni: This species is named in honour of Dr. Martien J.P. van Oijen, ichthyologist of the Netherlands Centre of Biodiversity, Naturalis, in appreciation for his work on taxonomy and ecology of the haplochromine cichlids of Lake Victoria; Dr. van oijen was one of the pioneers of the Haplochromis Ecology Survey Team (HEST) of Leiden University that started its fieldwork on Lake Victoria in 1977 (Ref. 85523).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Victoria (Ref. 85523).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85523)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: Haplochromis vanoijeni is a small sized (less than 9 cm standard length), micrognathic species with generalized body profile, but with a relatively long and acute snout; because of the latter, and its relatively small interorbital width, the species bears some resemblance with species of the 'tridens' group; indeed, it has some tricuspid teeth rostrally in the outer row of the oral jaws (Ref. 85523). It differs from eight of the nine described species in the 'tridens' group in the colouration of sexually active males: dorsum and flanks in sexually active males of Haplochromis vanoijeni are bright red; both males and females have conspicuously silverish-white cheeks, contrasting with the remaining head colours, which is a unique character among Lake Victoria haplochromines (Ref. 85523). From Haplochromis tridens, of which the colouration of live, sexually active males is unknown, it differs in the following characters: the lower jaw is shorter, lower jaw length 40.9-44.7% of head length vs. 43.3-51.8%; a larger interorbital width, 17.6-20.5% of head length vs. 15.0-19.5%; in contrast to H. vanoijeni, H. tridens has a dorsal head profile that is interrupted by a prominent premaxillary pedicel, and a cephalic line system with prominent pores (Ref. 85523). Besides by its specific colouration pattern, H. vanoijeni can be distinguished from all described species in the 'tridens' group by its larger body depth, 33.1-36.2% of standard length vs. 30.6-33.6%; the lower jaw of H. vanoijeni is shorter, 40.9-44.7% of standard length, than tah of most described species in the 'trident' group, except for that of H. cryptogramma and that of H. plutonius (Ref. 85523).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

A benthic species, caught mainly in the deeper parts, more than 10 m depth, in the Mwanza Gulf, over mud bottoms; occasionally caught over mud in shallower areas (Ref. 85523). Before the ecological changes in Lake Victoria, this species fed mainly on detritus; occasionally remains of shrimps and insects were found (Ref. 85523). This species is a female mouth brooder (Ref. 85523).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

This species is a female mouth brooder (Ref. 85523).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

de Zeeuw, M.P., M. Mietes, P. Niemantsverdriet, S. ter Huurne and F. Witte, 2010. Seven new species of detritivorous and phytoplanktivorous haplochromines from Lake Victoria. Zool. Meded. Leiden 84:201-250. (Ref. 85523)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00700 - 0.03275), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .