Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Geophaginae
Etymology: Dicrossus: Greek, di = two + Greek, krossoi = tassel (Ref. 45335); warzeli: Named for Frank Martin Warzel, a skilled German aquarist who collected the type specimens and who first imported the species from the Rio Tapajos to Germany, as well as observed its behaviour, including reproduction in the filed and in the aquarium.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: endemic to the Tapajos River, Amazon River system in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85095); 3.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 6 - 7. Can be distinguished easily by its three longitudinal rows of dark grey to blackish, horizontally elongate, dash-like spots on the sides of the body; and caudal fin spatulate in adult males. Exhibits clear sexual size and color dimorphism (Ref. 85095).
Inhabits exclusively clear-water rivers. Juveniles measuring about 2.0 cm SL occur in small brooks with sandy bottoms and patches of leaf litter. Observed searching the bottom substrate for small invertebrates and detritus by picking up and turning the leaves. Collected only in very soft water (no detectable hardness) with high acidity, pH value mostly less than 4 (Ref. 85095).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Römer, U., I.J. Hahn and P.M. Vergara, 2010. Description of Discrossus foirni sp. n. and Dicrossus warzeli sp. n. (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae), two new cichlid species from the Rio Negro and the Rio Tapajós, Amazon drainage, Brazil. Verteb. Zool. 60(2):123-138. (Ref. 85095)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00357 - 0.02228), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .