Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
Etymology: Sternarchorhynchus: Greek, sternon = sternon, + Greek, archos = anus + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335); axelrodi: Named for Dr Herbert Axelrod.. More on author: Vari.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Brazil, Amazon Basin, Rio Tocantins (upper and lower portions of that river system).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84053)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: a short gape that terminates posteriorly at, or slightly short of, the vertical through the anterior nares; no scales along the mid-dorsal region of the body as far posteriorly as the origin of the electroreceptive filament; anal-fin rays 200-217 (Ref. 84053).
Inhabits clear water system with the bottom formed by small stones and rocks. Feeds on insects and other aquatic invertebrates (Ref. 84053).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
de Santana, C. D. and R.P. Vari, 2010. Electric fishes of the genus Sternarchorhynchus (Teleostei, Ostariophysi, Gymnotiformes); phylogenetic and revisionary studies. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159:223-371. (Ref. 84053)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .