Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Cnesterodon: Greek, knester, -eros = scraper (Ref. 45335); pirai: The specific epithet pirai derives from the Guarani words “pirá”, meaning fish and the diminutive “í”, in allusion to the small size of the fishes belonging to the genus Cnesterodon. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 27°S - 28°S
South America: Argentina. Only know from its type locality, arroyo Almeida, affluent of arroyo
Cuñá-Pirú, río Paraná basin, Aristóbulo del Valle, Misiones. In spite of the collecting effort in different streams of Misiones province, especially in the Cuñá-Pirú basin, C. pirai was not found in other sites (Ref. 82179).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82179)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Cnesterodon pirai is diagnosed by the combination of the following characters: 6 to 8 irregular dashes on flanks, ranging from oval to vertical stripes on females and 7 to 9 irregular dashes ranging from oval to circular dots on males (dashes both on males and females covering 1 or 2 scales in transverse row); absence of a large post-gonopodium blotch on ventral profile in adult males; lack of a distal filament on
gonopodium; absence of longitudinal dark-brown band along flank; snout pointed and long (16.7–28.7 %HL); possession of 12–13 epipleural ribs; medial surface of ascending process of premaxilla approximately straight; presence of teeth on fourth ceratobranchial; distal portion of third and fourth gonactinosts separate, except by tip of third gonactinost; fifth gonactinost free; and presence of a constriction on unpaired appendix of gonopodium (Ref. 82179).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Aguilera, G., J.M. Mirande and M.d.I.M. Azpelicueta, 2009. A new species of Cnesterodon (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae) from a small tributary of arroyo Cuñá-Pirú, río Paraná basin, Misiones, Argentina. Zootaxa 2195:34-42. (Ref. 82179)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00493 - 0.03690), b=3.05 (2.81 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .