Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gymnotiformes
(Knifefishes) > Apteronotidae
Etymology: Compsaraia: Greek, kompsos, -e, -on = elegance, polish, gracefulness + see under Raja; samueli: Patronym in honour of Dr Samuel Albert, who
provided the authors with specimens of the type series.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 3°S - 4°S, 61°W - 62°W
South America: Brazil. Known from the western Amazon River basin of Peru and Brazil. Collection localities are in the Rio Amazonas, near Iquitos, Peru, the Rio Solimões below the confluence of the Rio Purus, Brazil, and the lower Rio Iça of Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80384)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Compsaraia samueli differs unambiguously
from C. compsa by the presence of the following character states:more caudal-fin rays (17–18 [mode 18] vs. 13–16 [mode 14]); a shorter caudal peduncle (CP/LEA = 9% [0–23%] vs. 34% [18–46%]); a less tapering body shape in lateral profile, in which the ratio of body depth measurements at the anal fin and dorsal organ origins is greater (93% [80–116%] vs. 75% [67–82%]); and a smaller body size (minimum
size at sexual maturity 144 mm [vs. 165 mm], maximum total length of 230 mm [vs. 305 mm]). Compsaraia samueli may be further distinguished from C. compsa by secondary sexual dimorphisms in several features of snout and jaw morphology (Ref. 80384).
Electric organ discharge known from two sexually mature
females and three sexually mature males. The two female specimens exhibited a lower Fo (1.242–1.243 kHz) than the three male specimens (1.337, 1.387 and 1.396 kHz) (Ref. 80384).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2009. A new species of electric knifefish, genus Compsaraia (Gymnotiformes: Apteronotidae) from the Amazon River, with extreme sexual dimorphism in snout and jaw length. Systematics and Biodiversity 7(1):81-92. (Ref. 80384)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00134 - 0.00855), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .