Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Embiotocidae
Etymology: Ditrema: Greek, di = two + Greek, trema = hole (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Northwest Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76763)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 9 - 10;
soft rays: 25 - 29;
Vertebrae: 35 - 40. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 9-10 (mode 9) spines; 20-24 (mode 21) scales below lateral line; posterior end of dorsal-fin base before the anal-fin base; body coppery-red when fresh; anterior suborbital area with dark rounded marking margined with white lines, or broad dark inverse trapezoid marking; preopercle with dark spot at posteroventral corner, dark line along posterior margin; spinous portion of dorsal fin often with longitudinal black stripe on lower half; faint longitudinal dark line along anal-fin base; pelvic-fin base lacking a distinct black spot anteriorly (Ref. 76763).
Adults inhabit rocky shores among Sargassum (Ref. 76763). Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Viviparous, female carries the developing young (Ref. 205).
Katafuchi, H. and T. Nakabo, 2007. Revision of the East Asian genus Ditrema (Embiotocidae), with description of a new subspecies. Ichthyol. Res. 54:350-366. (Ref. 76763)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00372 - 0.03548), b=2.95 (2.69 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .