Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Neoplecostominae
Etymology: Pareiorhaphis: Greek, pareia = jaw + Greek, rhaphis = needle (Ref. 45335); nasuta: The specific name from the Latin adjective nasutus, meaning long-nosed, in reference to the long snout, diagnostic of this species.. More on author: Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Doce basin in Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75793)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6. Diagnosed from all other species of the genus Pareiorhaphis by having a longer snout (71.1-75.6 vs. 52.8-69.9% HL). Can be differentiated further from most other congeners, except for Pareiorhaphis garbei, Pareiorhaphis vestigipinnis, Pareiorhaphis cerosus, and Pareiorhaphis splendens, by having smaller orbital diameter (8.6-11.3 vs. 11.7-18.8% HL). Differs further from Pareiorhaphis garbei by having bifid teeth, with a small lateral cusp in both dentary and premaxilla (vs. simple teeth, without lateral cusp in both dentary and premaxilla); from Pareiorhaphis vestigipinnis by having an adipose fin (vs. adipose fin absent); from Pareiorhaphis cerosus by having one to three preadipose
azygous plates (vs. three to five plates); and from Pareiorhaphis splendens by the longer pelvic-fin spine (19.4-23.4 vs. 12.6-19.1% SL) (Ref. 75793).
The type locality is a small, shallow river with very clear, transparent water, slow to moderate current, and with bottom consisting of rocks, loose stones and sometimes gravel (Ref. 75793). Collected in areas of rapids among loose stones and pebbles. Nuptial males and larger individuals occur among larger stones and on the stronger current (Ref. 75793).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pereira, E.H.L., F. Vieira and R.E. Reis, 2007. A new species of sexually dimorphic Pareiorhaphis Miranda Ribeiro, 1918 (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Rio Doce basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 5(4):443-448. (Ref. 75793)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00177 - 0.01179), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .