Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: valentinus: The specific name derived from the Roman name of Valencia, the Spanish region where the species inhabits.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Europe: rivers in the Mediterranean slope of Spain between the Mijares and Vinalopo basins. Known from the following rivers: Mijares, Turia, Júcar, Serpis, Bullent, Gorgos, Guadalest, Monebre or Verde and Vinalopo Rivers; and from the Albufera de Valencia Lagoon.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.5 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111701)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2 - 3;
soft rays: 7 - 9. Distinguished from all its congeners by the following combination of characters: dorsal fin with 8 branched rays; anal fin with 7-9 branched rays; 2 rows of pharyngeal teeth on both sides with 2 and 5 teeth, respectively; wide caudal peduncle; 8-11 gill rakers; lateral line scales 35-39; scale rows above lateral line 7-8; scale rows below lateral line 3; 39 vertebrae, 22 abdominal and 17 caudal; large fourth and fifth infraorbital bones; maxilla with a very marked and pointed anterior process; frontal bone expanded at its middle; wide neurocranium bone; the lower branch of the pharyngeal bone is robust; large and narrow urohyal (Ref. 72459). Other diagnostic characters include infraorbital bones broad, width of infraorbitals 2 and 5 about 4-5 times width of sensory canal on same bones, presence of a black crescentic mark on scale pocket of each flank scale, head length about equal to body depth, mouth terminal, and 4 scale rows between lateral line and pelvic origin (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in streams with clear waters and gravel bottom and prefers moderate flowing stretches (Ref. 72459). Threatened due to water abstraction for agriculture, construction of reservoirs and introduction of exotic species (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Doadrio, I. and J.A. Carmona, 2006. Phylogenetic overview of the genus Squalius (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) in the Iberian Peninsula, with description of two new species. Cybium 30(3):199-214. (Ref. 72459)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .