Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: punctulatus: From the Latin punctulatus, meaning with dots, in reference to the rows of blue dots on flank in males, a condition distinguishing this species from all other species of the subgenus Simpsonichthys.. More on author: Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: temporary canals of the upper rio Paracatu drainage, rio São Francisco basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58746); 2.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 19;
Vertebrae: 26 - 27. Differs from all other species of the subgenus Simpsonichthys by having longitudinal rows of light blue dots on flank in males (vs. absence) and a long filamentous ray on tip of dorsal fin in males, reaching the posterior position of caudal fin (vs. reaching basal portion of caudal fin). Can be differentiated from all congeners by the unique combination of the following characters: pelvic fin present (vs. absent), second pharyngobranchial teeth absent (vs. present), ventral process of posttemporal short (vs. long), 18-19 dorsal-fin rays in males and 14-15 in females (vs. 15-17 in males, 12-13 in females), long filamentous ray on tip of dorsal fin males (vs. filamentous rays short or absent), five alternating bright blue and pink to red bars on head side in males (vs. never a similar color pattern), pectoral fin pink with blue spots in males (vs. hyaline), and absence of black spots on dorsal fin in males (vs. presence of black spots on basal portion of dorsal fin). Caudal fin round (Ref. 58746).
Inhabits temporary canals at floodplains (Ref. 58746).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M. and G.C. Brasil, 2007. Simpsonichthys punctulatus n. sp. - a new seasonal killifish (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from the upper rio São Francisco basin, central Brazil. Vertebr. Zool. 57(1):57-61. (Ref. 58746)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .