Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Microbrotula: Greek, mikros = small + Latin, brotula, -ae = little, bud, shoot (Ref. 45335); bentleyi: Named for Andrew Charles Bentley of Port Elizabeth, South Africa, now at the University of Kansas, USA, for his enthusiasm and help in the development of a program on western Indian Ocean fishes, and for collecting the holotype.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 55 m (Ref. 54832). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: South Africa to the Red Sea and from the Philippines to Cape York Peninsula in northern Australia; widely distributed and large gap in the distribution is probably a collecting artefact rather than indicative of a true distribution.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54832); 4.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 50 - 57;
Vertebrae: 44 - 47. This species is distinguished by the following characters: vertebrae 11-12+33-35=44-47; fin rays, on dorsal 61-70, anal 50-57, pectoral 15-17, caudal 7-8; anterior dorsal fin ray above vertebra number 7-8, anterior anal fin ray below dorsal fin ray number 12-16, anterior anal fin ray below vertebra 13-16; small forward-curved spine at lower angle of preopercle, hidden by skin; fleshy interorbital width 4.5-7.0% SL; palatine teeth papillae-like or absent (Ref. 88975).
Found from near the surface to 55 meters in protected reef structures (Ref. 54832). Solitary inhabitant of reef crevices, cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W. and J.G. Nielsen, 2011. Revision of the genus Microbrotula (Teleostei: Bythitidae), with description of two new species and a related new genus. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 27:147-160. (Ref. 88975)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.9 - 29, mean 27.5 (based on 576 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .