Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); proserpina: Cyprinella meaning small carp, and proserpina, latinized form of Persephone (queen of the infernal regions, possibly in reference to the type locality of the Devils River) (Ref. 79012).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 31°N - 30°N
North and Central America: Devils River, lower Pecos River and nearby tributaries of Rio Grande in Texas, USA; and Rio San Carlo (Rio Grande drainage), Coahuila, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 4.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Found in rocky runs and pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Benthic insectivore. Feeds on dipterans, lepidopterans, trichopterans, ephemeropterans, and coleoterans (Ref. 79012).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
Vulnerable (VU) (B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 17 November 2011
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .