Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Siphamia: A Swazi word, siphama, for a fish. More on author: Lachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 25 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Western Pacific: Philippines to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in coastal, silty habitat on reefs amongst branching corals or with long-spined urchins, in depths to at least 15 m (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1999. Apogonidae. Cardinalfishes. p. 2602-2610. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). Rome, FAO. 2069-2790 p. (Ref. 39191)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .