Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Bythitinae
Etymology: Saccogaster: Latin, sacculus = small bag + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 440 - 850 m (Ref. 93007). Deep-water
Indo-Pacific: off East Africa to Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 54 - 60;
Vertebrae: 55 - 58. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: body scaleless; frontal plate with a pair of small, sub-dermal spines just behind eyes, median sub-dermal ethmoidal spine in front of eyes; skin is rather thick; a large posterior mandibular pore behind end of maxilla; snout with a cartilaginous ethmoidal spine; opercular spine is hidden, no preopercular spine; anterior gill arch with 3 developed rakers, almost equal in length to developed rakers; pectoral peduncle is prolonged; no fangs on dentigerous bones, 3 to several tooth rows on palatines; vertebrae, precaudal 14-15, total 55-58; fin rays, D 82-93, A 54-60 and pectoral 19-22; otolith length to height, 2-2.1, otolith length to colliculum length variable, 2.5-3.3 (Ref. 93007).
A benthic species (Ref. 58302) found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154). Rare species (Ref. 34024).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., W. Schwarzhans and D.M. Cohen, 2012. Revisions of Hastatobythites and Saccogaster (Teleostei, Bythitidae) with three new species and a new genus. Zootaxa 3579:1-36. (Ref. 93007)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 10.3, mean 7.9 (based on 312 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .