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Gnathophis smithi  Karmovskaya, 1990

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Gnathophis smithi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Congridae (Conger and garden eels) > Congrinae
Etymology: Gnathophis: Greek, gnathos = jaw + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335);  smithi: Named in honor of David G. Smith, well-known specialist on eels.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 145 - 250 m (Ref. 41744).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: Seamount located at the junction of the Nazca and Sala y Gómez ridges (Ref. 41744), Juan Fernández Is. with doubt about species identification (Ref. 41744).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41744)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 220-258; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 148 - 177; Vertebrae: 127 - 135. Median fins with dark margins; pores 7-15 of lateral line situated along upper margin of canal; eye large, 19.7-25.2% HL; lateral line system: supraorbital 6, infraorbital 8, postorbital 2, preopercular-mandibular 11, occipital commissure 3 (Ref. 41744).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Nocturnal, appears to be resistant to rotenone (Ref. 89357).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Karmovskaya, E.S., 1990. New species of conger eels from southeastern Pacific Seamounts. J. Ichthyol. 30(7):1-10. (Ref. 41744)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00063 (0.00028 - 0.00142), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .