Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Curimatidae
Etymology: Cyphocharax: Greek, kyphos = curved, humpback + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Eigenmann & Kennedy.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 20°C - 28°C (Ref. 2059)
South America: Paraguay River basin in Brazil and Paraguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81048)
The species was reported to swim near the bottom to feed, substrate containing food are scooped and ingested. Stomach content with diatoms, desmids, and epiphytic filamentous algae. Apparently territorial, guarding areas with submerged grassy plants with algal cover, defending with chases, nips, strikes, and mouth fighting. May form schools of up to 30 individuals. Also reported to occur in small streams or places of weak currents in adjoining swampy areas. Captured along banks of rivers (Ref. 11334).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Vari, R.P., 1992. Systematics of the neotropical characiform genus Cyphocharax Fowler (Pisces, Ostariophysi). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 529:137 p. (Ref. 11334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00604 - 0.03153), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .