Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335); serrano: The specific epithet serrano from Portuguese, means inhabitant of the "serras"; an allusion to the high plateau where the headwaters of Rio Uruguay are located (Ref. 27672). More on authors: Buckup & Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
South America: upper Uruguay River basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27672)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 36. Is uniquely diagnosed by the presence of 10 to 14 oblique bars on the sides of the body, extending posteroventrally from the lateral line and independent of the 8 or 9 dorsal transverse bars which are usually present in species of Characidium. Is also distinguished from other species of Characidium from southern Brazil, except C. pterostictum, by the spotted caudal fin. From C. pterostictum, it is easily distinguished by the number (12) of series scales around the caudal peduncle (14 in C. pterostictum). Fourth ray of pectoral fin ray longest, not reaching or just reaching to pelvic fin origin. Third or fourth ray of pelvic fin longest, reaching area between anal opening and anal fin origin (Ref. 27672).
All specimens collected were from middle courses of medium-sized rivers with rocky and muddy bottoms and moderate to strong water current (Ref. 27672).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Buckup, P.A. and R.E. Reis, 1997. Characidiin genus Characidium (Teleostei, Characiformes) in Southern Brazil, with description of three new species. Copeia 1997(3):531-548. (Ref. 27672)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00339 - 0.03236), b=3.06 (2.81 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .