Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Crenuchidae
(South American darters) > Characidiinae
Etymology: Characidium: Diminutive of Charax, -akos = a fish without identification (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Buckup & Reis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
South America: left bank tributaries of the middle Uruguay River basin in Brazil (Ref. 37059). Reported from Argentina (Ref. 56308).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37059)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Dark spots on dorsal fin form a continuous band across rays; anterior portion of anal fin of males with one or two conspicuous dark blotches, followed by smaller spots on the posterior portion. The third or fourth ray of the pelvic fin longest, reaching the area between anal opening and anal fin origin or reaching anal fin origin (Ref. 27672).
Known from the type locality which is a small creek with clear water and slow to moderate current, with loose stones, and in some places, mud on the bottom. Low vegetation are found along stream margins (Ref. 27672).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Buckup, P.A. and R.E. Reis, 1997. Characidiin genus Characidium (Teleostei, Characiformes) in Southern Brazil, with description of three new species. Copeia 1997(3):531-548. (Ref. 27672)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00339 - 0.03236), b=3.06 (2.81 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .