Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 100 m (Ref. 28016). Tropical; 45°N - 30°S, 30°E - 165°E
Indo-West Pacific: east coast of Africa and off southwest India; eastwards to the Philippines; north to Japan; south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3424)
soft rays: 14. Body silvery and mottled green and dark on back. Head without scales; cheek and breast covered with small scales; nuchal spine present; protracted mouth pointing downward (Ref. 2108).
Inhabits shallow waters, usually in schools near the bottom (Ref. 30573, 48635). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans, polychaetes and algae (Ref. 30573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
James, P.S.B.R., 1984. Leiognathidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 2. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3424)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.1 - 28.4, mean 27.3 (based on 743 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00928 - 0.03254), b=3.11 (2.95 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.80-1.40).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .