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Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Linnaeus, 1766)

Atlantic bumper
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Native range
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Chloroscombrus chrysurus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chloroscombrus chrysurus (Atlantic bumper)
Chloroscombrus chrysurus
Picture by NOAA\NMFS\Mississippi Laboratory

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Chloroscombrus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek, skombros = the name of several fishes, a mackerel (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; tiefenbereich 0 - 110 m (Ref. 114025).   Subtropical; 42°N - 41°S, 98°W - 14°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Massachusetts to Florida, USA and Bermuda to Uruguay; throughout Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 9626); Bahamas, Antilles, along Central and South American coasts to Uruguay (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Spain to Angola (Ref. 57392). Replaced by Chloroscombrus orqueta in eastern Pacific. These two species have not been adequately studied and may prove to be conspecific.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 12.4, range 10 - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 57392); common length : 25.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5217); max. veröff. Gewicht: 32.00 g (Ref. 118626)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 25-28; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 25 - 28. Diagnosis: body compressed and deep (depth comprised from 2.3 to 2.8 times in fork length) (Ref. 57392), its ventral profile distinctly more convex than the dorsal (Ref. 26938, 57392). Snout very short, its tip blunt, upper jaw extending almost to behind level of anterior eye margin; 2 dorsal fins, the first with 8 spines, the second with 1 spine and 25-28 soft rays; anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 25-28 soft rays; upper lobe of caudal fin longer than the lower; small, cycloid scales covering most of body, including chest; 5-15 weak scutes on posterior part of lateral line, at level of caudal peduncle, the latter without bilateral keels (Ref. 57392). Metallic blue above, silvery below; caudal peduncle with black saddle spot (Ref. 3197). Coloration: back greenish or bluish, sides silvery-white; a dark, saddle-shaped blotch on caudal peduncle just before caudal fin, and another at upper angle of gill cover (Ref. 57392).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults are found over soft bottoms of the continental shelf; sometimes forming schools near the surface (Ref. 5217). Marine pelagic species very common in coastal lagoons and estuaries (Ref. 57392). They feed on fish, cephalopods, zooplankton and detritus (Ref. 28587). Juveniles common in brackish estuaries and often associated with jellyfish (Ref. 5217). Marketed fresh and salted.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | Partner

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. Quéro and M. Desoutter, 1990. Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 119314)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 August 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen


Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell
FAO(Fischereien: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.2 - 28, mean 26.2 (based on 552 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.01128 - 0.01472), b=2.94 (2.91 - 2.97), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 69278):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.22-0.56).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Low.