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Etheostoma juliae Meek, 1891

Yoke darter
ارفع صور و مقاطع فيديو
Pictures | صور قوقل
Image of Etheostoma juliae (Yoke darter)
Etheostoma juliae
Picture by The Native Fish Conservancy

التصنيف / Names الأسماء الشائعة | مرادفات | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

شعاعيات الزعانف > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Meek.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range البيئة

; المياه العذبة قاعية التغذية و المعيشة.   Subtropical; 38°N - 33°N

التوزيع دول | مناطق الفاو | النظام البيئي | الظهور | Point map | مقدمة | Faunafri

North America: found only in White River drainage (excluding Black River system) in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas, USA.

Length at first maturity / الحجم / وزن / العمر

Maturity: Lm 3.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.8 cm TL ذكر/ مختلط الجنس; (Ref. 12193); العمر: 3 سنين (Ref. 7043)

وصف مختصر الوصف الخارجي | قياسات المظهر الخارجي

الأشواك الظهرية (المجموع): 11 - 12; الأشعة الظهرية الناعمة (المجموع): 11-12; شوكة شرجية 2; أشعه شرجية لينه: 7 - 8; فقرات: 35 - 36

أحياء     المصطلحات (على سبيل المثال epibenthic)

Occur in clear, fast, rocky riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723). Spawn in batches (Ref. 36980). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 36980).

Life cycle and mating behavior النضج | التكاثر | وضع البيض | بيض | الخصوبة | Larvae

Breeding pairs were observed on gravel patches behind rocks in 30-60 cm of water. The following account of mating behaviour comes from (Ref. 36980): 'In a typical behavior pattern, 5-10 males were observed following a gravid female..Once the female had selected a suitable spawning site, she would dig head first into the gravel with violent thrashing movements. After two or three attempts, females usually became half buried in the gravel with only head and pectoral fins exposed. During this activity attending males began making rapid darting movements around the female. The attending males moved closer to the buried female until one male, usually the largest, positioned himself beside or over her. Occasionally an even larger male would enter an area and replace the attendant male. After a male had remained with a buried female for a few minutes, he began to aggressively defend a territory. Other males that came within about 20 cm of the female were quickly chased away. In the absence of other males, the attendant male began courtship behavior by darting rapidly around the female, nudging her with his snout and perching along side or on top of her. Courtship lasted up to 30 min. Then the female began a series of rapid quivering movements followed by, or concurrent with, trembling movements by the male. It was assumed that the rapid vibrating movements of the female and male, lasting about 5 sec., indicated deposition of eggs and release of sperm. A female remained buried in the same spot during a series of 3-5 quiverings over a period of nearly 5 min. About 10 min after spawning, both fish moved away from the nest and egg guarding was not observed by either sex.' Eggs are buried under small gravel and pebbles (Ref. 36980).

المرجع الرئيسي Upload your references | مراجع | المنظم | المتعاونين

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 December 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

خطر للأنسان


استخدامات بشرية

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

مزيد من المعلومات

مناطق الفاو
النظام البيئي
عناصر الغذاء
استهلاك الأغذية
الأسماء الشائعة
علم السميات البيئية
وضع البيض
تجمعات وضع البيض
تطور البيضة
العمر/ الحجم
الطول- الترددات
قياسات المظهر الخارجي
الوصف الخارجي
حركة انتقال اليرقات
الأستزراع المائي
ملف الأستزراع المائي
تواتر الأليل
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
التسمم باكل السمك
نوع السباحة
منطقة الخياشيم
عظمة الأذن


تقارير خاصة

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مصادر علي الأنترنت

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00202 - 0.01242), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
مستوى غذائي (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
المرونه (Ref. 69278):  عالي, الحد الزمني الأدني لتضاعف عدد أفراد المجتمع أقل من 15 شهر (K=0.40-0.99; tm=1; tmax=3; Fec=800).
عرضة للخطر (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .