Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); jordani: Named after David Starr Jordan, an eminent ichthyologist (Ref. 10294). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 35°N - 32°N
North America: found only in Alabama and Black Warrior River systems (in Mobile Bay drainage) in Georgia, Alabama and southeastern Tennessee, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Inhabit fast rocky riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 33799); also found in medium to large streams (Ref. 10294). Adults occur in the deepest portions of riffles with moderately strong current. Prey mainly on insects (midge and other dipteran larvae, mayfly nymphs, and smaller quantities of water mites and caddisfly larvae (Ref. 10294)). Feed by pecking small prey from the surface of rocks (Ref. 33799).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00204 - 0.01288), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .