Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); blennius: blennius meaning blenny-like (Ref. 10294). More on authors: Gilbert & Swain.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 37°N - 35°N
North America: occurs only in west- and south-flowing tributaries of Tennessee River in central Tennessee and northern Alabama (east to Sequatchie River system) in the USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits fast, rocky riffles of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294); also lives in streams (Ref. 10294). Feeds on midge, blackfly, mayfly, and caddisfly larvae (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00204 - 0.01288), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .