Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiinae
Etymology: Hemanthias: Greek, hemi = half + Greek, anthis = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 60 - 300 m (Ref. 7251). Tropical; 34°N - 33°S, 95°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: South Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea; probably more widespread. Reported from the northern coast of South America (Ref. 5217).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
soft rays: 8. Pelvic fin long, its tip extending posteriorly beyond origin of anal fin; caudal fin deeply emarginate, upper lobe projecting posteriorly; body silver with a pink cast dorsally, silvery-white ventrally; a yellow line extending from snout through lower edge of eye to posterior margin of opercle; pectoral fin pink, other fins yellow (Ref. 13608).
Occurs over hard bottoms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16.9 - 25.2, mean 20 (based on 103 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00380 - 0.02291), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .