Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Diogou, Diani and Simandou Rivers systems (Ref. 2801). Also known from the coastal Guinean basins, from the Tominé River to east of Liberia (Ref. 2940, 81282) and from Côte d'Ivoire (Ref. 272). Also present in the Via River, Liberia (Ref. 43268).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2940)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal ray ossified and as long as or shorter than head in specimens over 150 mm SL; lips normally well developed, with or without mental lobe; mental lobe absent in certain populations from Liberia; 8-9 dorsal fin branched rays; scale formula 3.5-5.5/24-31/4.5; 2 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 2-4/10-14 gill rakers on first gill arch (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Maximum TL was recorded at 29 cm (Ref. 2801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00560 - 0.02463), b=2.98 (2.81 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .