Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Kumba: Named for the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, whose research vessel Sarsia dredged the type species..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 550 - 710 m (Ref. 11651). Deep-water
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and southwestern Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11651)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. Firm head not inflated; head pores present. Dorsally scaleless snout extend only to the lateral nasal angles. Orbit diameter 36-43% of head length; snout (1.25-1.5) and interorbital (1.4-1.7), much shorter than orbit. Barbel 21-33% HL. ADW and PDW lens-like and widely separated. Three small black pigmented areas near the mid-length of the anal fin base. 40-52 pyloric caeca. 1D II,10 (Ref. 11651).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwamoto, T. and Y.I. Sazonov, 1994. Revision of the genus Kumba (Pisces, Gadiformes, Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 48(11):221-237. (Ref. 11651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.2 - 9.9, mean 7.4 (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00097 - 0.00495), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .