Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stephanoberyciformes
(Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae
(Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Scopelogadus: Greek, skopelos = a lantern fish + Latin, gadus = a fish; cod? (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 300 - 3385 m (Ref. 26165). Deep-water; 40°N - 30°S
Indian and Atlantic: in tropical waters to 20-30°S. Western Pacific: Japan (Ref. 559) to Australia (Ref. 7300) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - 9.4 cm
Max length : 9.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4241)
Trawled below 300 m (Ref. 4241).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ebeling, A.W., 1986. Melamphaidae. p. 427-432. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4241)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3 - 7, mean 4.3 (based on 1810 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00406 - 0.02581), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .