Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335); williamsi: Named after James D. Williams, a contemporary ichthyologist, malacologist and natural historian extraordinaire.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 16;
Vertebrae: 44 - 45. Distinguished from all congeners, except Percina macrocephala, by having a sickle-shaped suborbital bar and a black bar subtending a medial black spot on the caudal-fin base. Differs from Percina macrocephala by having larger scales (usually 24-26 scales around the caudal peduncle vs. 27-31), 21-23 transverse scales (vs. 23-26), and 70-77 lateral scales (vs. 76-86). Has values for the combination of caudal peduncle, transverse and lateral scales and lateral scales usually 120-129 (vs. 128-141); has shorter snout on average; snout ranges from 20-28% of HL compared to 24-31 in Percina macrocephala (Ref. 75766).
North America: restricted to the upper Tennessee River drainage of Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina, USA.
Inhabits flowing pools over rocky, sandy or silty substrates in clear creeks or small rivers (Ref. 75766). Occurs most often near woody debris, vegetation such as water willow, or large boulders (Ref. 75766). Spawning takes place in gravel shoals in later winter (Ref. 75766).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and T.J. Near, 2007. A New darter from the upper Tennessee River drainage related to Percina macrocephala (Percidae: Etheostomatinae). Copeia 2007(3):605-613. (Ref. 75766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .