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Percina williamsi  Page & Near, 2007

Sickle darter
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335);  williamsi: Named after James D. Williams, a contemporary ichthyologist, malacologist and natural historian extraordinaire.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11 - 16; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13; Anal spines: 2; Vertebrae: 44 - 45. Distinguished from all congeners, except Percina macrocephala, by having a sickle-shaped suborbital bar and a black bar subtending a medial black spot on the caudal-fin base. Differs from Percina macrocephala by having larger scales (usually 24-26 scales around the caudal peduncle vs. 27-31), 21-23 transverse scales (vs. 23-26), and 70-77 lateral scales (vs. 76-86). Has values for the combination of caudal peduncle, transverse and lateral scales and lateral scales usually 120-129 (vs. 128-141); has shorter snout on average; snout ranges from 20-28% of HL compared to 24-31 in Percina macrocephala (Ref. 75766).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: restricted to the upper Tennessee River drainage of Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina, USA.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits flowing pools over rocky, sandy or silty substrates in clear creeks or small rivers (Ref. 75766). Occurs most often near woody debris, vegetation such as water willow, or large boulders (Ref. 75766). Spawning takes place in gravel shoals in later winter (Ref. 75766).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and T.J. Near, 2007. A New darter from the upper Tennessee River drainage related to Percina macrocephala (Percidae: Etheostomatinae). Copeia 2007(3):605-613. (Ref. 75766)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)

  Vulnerable (VU) (B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(ii,iii,iv,v))

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Countries
FAO areas
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Occurrences
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Ecology
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Synonyms
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Predators
Ecotoxicology
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Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
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Length-weight
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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .